Alois Burgstaller (1871-1945)
- Profession: Tenor.
- Relation to Mahler: Worked with Gustav Mahler.
- Correspondence with Mahler:
- Born: 22-09-1871 Holzkirchen, Bayern, Germany.
- Died: 19-04-1945 Gmund am Tegernsee, Bayern, Germany.
- Buried: 00-00-0000 Holzkirchner cemetery, Bayern, Germany.
- 1907 Westbound 12-12-1907 until 21-12-1907 S.S. Kaiserin Auguste Victoria - Concert 18-12-1907 (piano).
- 1908 Opera New York 07-02-1908.
- 1908 Opera Philadelphia 11-02-1908.
- 1908 Opera New York 19-02-1908.
- 1908 Opera Boston 11-04-1908.
- 1908 Opera New York 14-04-1908.
First he specialized in watchmaking. His voice was discovered by Hermann Levi and Cosima Wagner. He studied singing under Eduard Bellwidt in Frankfurt a. M. and perfected his vocal technique also at the Bayreuth school with Julius Kniese. In 1894 he made his debut at the Bayreuth Festival as Heinrich der Schreiber in ‘’Tannhäuser’’ and as 1. Gralsritter in ‘’Parsifal’’. Later he workedas vocal pedagogue in Munich.
Burgstaller was born in Holzkirchen. A trained watchmaker, he always loved to sing and his vocal talent was discovered during an amateur theatre performance in church. Alois was encouraged to sing professionally by Cosima Wagner, the widow of Richard Wagner, and he made a serious study of opera music. He took lessons in Frankfurt and at the Bayreuth School under Julius Kniese, making his stage debut in 1894 at the Bayreuth Festival in a small part. Alois would go on to sing the major Wagnerian roles of Siegfried, Siegmund, Erik, and Parsifal at Bayreuth from 1896 to 1903. He also performed these roles at other leading European opera houses, including those in such important cities as Paris, Zurich, Budapest, London, Amsterdam, and Moscow.
Alois made his American debut at the Metropolitan Opera, New York City, as Siegmund in "Die Walküre" on February 12, 1903. He appeared throughout the United States, singing in San Francisco, Boston, Philadelphia, Chicago, Pittsburgh, and Los Angeles during the next six or so years. His final performance, as Siegmund, occurred on January 14, 1909.
On Christmas Eve, 1903, he had sung the title role in the first staged American performance of Richard Wagner's "Parsifal" in New York City. This performance was in violation of German copyright law and angered Cosima Wagner, who was trying to keep productions of the work exclusive to Bayreuth. As a result, Alois, as well as the baritone singer Anton van Rooy and conductor Alfred Hertz, were banned from any further performances at Bayreuth. When his American career began winding down, Burgstaller appealed to the Wagner family and was eventually welcomed back to Bayreuth, performing in the festivals of 1908 and 1909.
Alois spent his old age in St. Quirin, municipality Gmund, at the Tegernsee, until his death in 1945. He lies buried at the Holzkirchner cemetery and was accorded the honor of having the local market municipality and a roadway named after him.
Chronology of some appearances
- 1894 Bayreuth Festival Tannhäuser (Tannhäuser)
- 1894 Nürnberg Stadttheater Siegfried (Siegfried)
- 1896-1902 Bayreuth Festival Parsifal Rheingold (Froh)
- 1896-1897 Bayreuth Festival Die Walküre (Siegmund)
- 1897 Berlin Hofoper
- 1897 Amsterdam Opernhaus
- 1899-1902 Bayreuth Festival Siegfried (Siegfried)
- 1899 Bayreuth Festival Parsifal (Parsifal)
- 1899 Amsterdam Opernhaus
- 1900 Zürich Siegfried (Siegfried)
- 1901 Bayreuth Festival Fliegenden Holländer (Erik)
- 1902 Bayreuth Festival Parsifal (Parsifal)
- 1903-1910 München Hofoper
- 1903-1909 New York Metropolitan Opera Die Walküre (Siegmund)
- 1906 London Covent Garden Fliegenden Holländer (Erik)
- 1906 London Covent Garden Tristan und Isolde (Tristan)
- 1906 Paris Wagner concert
- 1907 Paris Wagner concert
- 1908 Bayreuth Festival Die Walküre (Siegmund)
- 1909 Bayreuth Festival Siegfried (Siegfried)
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