City of Havlickuv Brod
Havlickuv Brod (Havliekuv Brod, Nemecky Brod, Deutsch-Brod, Deutschbrot).
- Simon Mahler (1793-1865) lived here. He moved here from Kaliste in 1860. Gustav Mahler and his parents moved in 1860 to Jihlava.
- Marie Mahler-Bondy (1801-1883) lived here.
- Leopold Mahler (1829-1897) died here.
- Josef Mahler (1830-1899) died here.
Havlí?k?v Brod, N?mecký Brod until 1945, is a town in the Vyso?ina Region of the Czech Republic. It is also the capital of the Havlí?k?v Brod district. It is located on the Sázava River in the Bohemian-Moravian Highlands.. It belongs to the historical land of Bohemia.
Settlement in Brod has been documented as far back as the 12th century. After silver was discovered in the area, the Bohemian nobleman Smil of Lichtenburk (Lichtenburg) invited German miners to settle the area; Brod received its city rights in 1257. Although the townspeople were German-speakers in a predominantly Czech-speaking land, the people of Brod became loyal subjects of the Bohemian crown. In the 13th and 14th centuries it was a center for silver mining, although its importance gradually declined in the latter century. Because the German townspeople supported King Sigismund during the Hussite Wars, Brod was sacked on 22 January 1422 by Jan Žižka. The town was resettled in 1429 and experienced a cultural flowering during the 16th and 17th centuries. Until 1918, the town was part of the Austrian monarchy (Austria side after the compromise of 1867), head of the DEUTSCHBROD - NEMECKY BROD district, one of the 94 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Bohemia.
Brod was industrialized during the 19th century with an emphasis on textiles, and became an important railway junction. After the World War II, the town received the name Havlí?k?v Brod. In the late 1980s Brod's center was declared a national treasure.
The Czech word Brod means "ford" in English. Because the town was founded by Smil of Lichtenburk, Brod's original name was Smil?v Brod (Ford of Smil or Smilford). Because of its predominantly German population, the town was renamed in 1310 to N?mecký Brod in Czech and Deutschbrod in German (both meaning German Ford). After the expulsion of the Germans in 1945, the town was officially renamed Havlí?k?v Brod in honor of the 19th century writer Karel Borovský.