Erwin Stein (1885-1958)
- Profession: Musician, writer, musicologist.
- Relation to Mahler: He knew Gustav Mahler personally. Attended Gustav Mahler Festival Amsterdam 1920.
- Correspondence with Mahler:
- Born: 07-11-1885 Vienna, Austria.
- Died: 17-07-1958 London, England. Aged 72.
- Buried: 00-00-0000
Erwin Stein was an Austrian musician and writer, prominent as a pupil and friend of Arnold Schoenberg (1874-1951), with whom he studied between 1906 and 1910. He was one of Schoenberg's principal assistants in organizing the Society for Private Musical Performances. In 1924 it was Stein to whom Schoenberg entrusted the delicate as well as important task of writing the first article – Neue Formprinzipien ('New Formal Principles') – on the gradual evolution of what was soon to be explicitly formulated as 'twelve tone technique'. Until 1938 he lived in Vienna, where he was respected as a music teacher and conductor as well as a writer active on behalf of the music and composers he valued.
After the Anschluss he fled to London to escape the Nazis and worked for many years as an editor for the music publishers Boosey & Hawkes. His focus was mainly on Gustav Mahler (1860-1911), Arnold Schoenberg (1874-1951) and Benjamin Britten (1913-1976) (all three of whom he knew personally) as well as his colleagues within the Schoenberg circle, Alban Berg (1885-1935) and Anton Webern (1883-1945).
Erwin Stein (1885-1958) in his Kensington flat in London.
His books include Orpheus in New Guises (a collection of writings from the period 1924-1953) and Form and Performance (1962). He was the editor of the first collection of Schoenberg's letters (Germany 1958; UK 1964). He was also instrumental in setting up the modern music periodical Tempo in 1939.
Stein married Sophie Bachmann (1883?-1965), and their daughter, the pianist Marion Stein, married successively George Lascelles, 7th Earl of Harewood and the Liberal politician Jeremy Thorpe.
Mostly known for his close association with Arnold Schoenberg, Erwin Stein was born in Vienna, but like many other Jewish musicians, he emigrated to London in 1938. Having been forbidden to publish any further material and having lost his stockholdings in Universal Edition, Stein worked as an editor for Boosey & Hawkes, his primary focus on the music of Britten, Schoenberg and Mahler.
Prior to moving to London, Stein was well-respected as a conductor, music-teacher and a writer and worked closely with Schoenberg in organising the 'Society for Private Musical Performances' and the first article for Neue Formprinzipien ('New Formal Principles'), in which the rules for the first form of the twelve-tone technique were described.
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