Mark Twain (1835-1910) 1907, London.

  • Profession: Writer, humorist, entrepeneur, publisher, lecturer.
  • Relation to Mahler: 
  • Correspondence with Mahler:
  • Born: 30-11-1835 Florida, Missouri, USA
  • Married: 02-1870 in Elmira
  • Wife: Olivia Iona Louise Clemens-Langdon. Born 27-11-1845, died 05-06-1904 in Italy. Aged 58.
  • Addresses: Reading, 1869-1871 Buffalo, Hartford, 1891-1895 Europe, 1895-1896 World tour, Switzerland, Austria and England (until 1902).
  • Children:
    • Langdon Clemens (1871-1872). Aged 1,5.
    • Olivia Susan Clemens (1872-1896). Called Sussy. Aged 24.
    • Clara Langhorne Clemens Samossoud (1874-1962). In the period 1895-1896 she and her mother accompanied Mark Twain on a world tour. 1897 in Vienna to study piano. Handsome. Married to Ossip Gabrilowitsch (1878-1936). They met in 1898 at a dinner party given by Twain in his New York hotel. Last living child of Mark Twain. Aged 88.
    • Jane Lampton Clemens (1880-1909). Called Jane and Jean. Severed from epilepsy. Aged 29.
  • Died: 21-04-1910 Redding, Connecticut, USA. Aged 74.
  • Buried: 24-04-1910 Woodlane cemetery, Elmira, New York, USA. With his wife in a family grave. Funeral service in presence of Ossip Gabrilowitsch (1878-1936) and his wife.

Samuel Langhorne Clemens known by his pen name Mark Twain (and Josh, Thomas Jefferson Snodgass), was an American writer, humorist, entrepreneur, publisher, and lecturer. He was lauded as the “greatest humorist this country has produced”, and William Faulkner called him “the father of American literature”. His novels include The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1876) and its sequel, the Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1884), the latter often called “The Great American Novel”.

Twain was raised in Hannibal, Missouri, which later provided the setting for Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn. He served an apprenticeship with a printer and then worked as a typesetter, contributing articles to the newspaper of his older brother Orion Clemens. He later became a riverboat pilot on the Mississippi River before heading west to join Orion in Nevada. He referred humorously to his lack of success at mining, turning to journalism for the Virginia City Territorial Enterprise. His humorous story, “The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County”, was published in 1865, based on a story that he heard at Angels Hotel in Angels Camp, California, where he had spent some time as a miner. The short story brought international attention and was even translated into French. His wit and satire, in prose and in speech, earned praise from critics and peers, and he was a friend to presidents, artists, industrialists, and European royalty.

Twain earned a great deal of money from his writings and lectures, but he invested in ventures that lost most of it – such as the Paige Compositor, a mechanical typesetter that failed because of its complexity and imprecision. He filed for bankruptcy in the wake of these financial setbacks, but he eventually overcame his financial troubles with the help of Henry Huttleston Rogers. He eventually paid all his creditors in full, even though his bankruptcy relieved him of having to do so. Twain was born shortly after an appearance of Halley’s Comet, and he predicted that he would “go out with it” as well; he died the day after the comet returned.

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