Hugo Henneberg (1863-1918)

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Hugo Henneberg (1863-1918).

  • Profession: Scientist and photographer. Woodcuts, gummidruck.
  • Relation to Mahler:
  • Correspondence with Mahler:
  • Born: 27-07-1863 Vienna, Austria.
  • Died: 11-07-1918 Vienna, Austria.
  • Buried:

Married to Marie Henneberg.


From 1882 to 1887 studied Henneberg physics, chemistry, astronomy and mathematics in Vienna and in 1888 was given in Venice his doctorate. In 1887 he began photographing and in 1893 he exhibited for the first time in Salzburg. In 1894 he became a member of the leading British art association Linked Ring, through which he came into contact with the most important art photographers from around 1900, as George Davison, Henry Peach Robinson, Alfred Stieglitz, Frank Sutcliffe and Clarence Hudson White. Together with the photographers Heinrich Kühn and Hans Watzek he founded in that period the “Wiener Kleebatt” on which he exhibited internationally and traveled through Germany, Italy and the Netherlands. The trio had great influence on the Czech-Austrian photographer Rudolf Koppitz.

Henneberg was best known for his landscape photography, with remarkable special depth. He was strongly influenced by Robert Demachy, worked a lot with the gum print-process and experimented with combination printing. He made his name with his color manipulations.

In 1910 Henneberg stopped shooting. He died in 1918.


Hugo Henneberg was an Austrian scientist, graphic artist and art photographer of the piktorialism. Together with his fellow photographers Hans Watzek (photographer) | Hans Watzek and Heinrich Kühn, he worked together under the signet Trifolium (cloverleaf) and developed the three-color rubber print.

The earliest instance of cooperation between Josef Hoffmann and Gustav Klimt in the creation of a domestic setting is to be found in the large hall of the villa built for the photographer Hugo Henneberg (1863–1918). The villa is one of a group of four artists’ residences, designed by Hoffmann, built on the Hohe Warte, a semi-rural plateau on the outskirts of Vienna.

Hoffmann’s design for the double-height hall of the Villa Henneberg was developed with Klimt’s commissioned portrait of Henneberg’s wife Marie in mind, its intended setting influencing the painting’s unusual square format (seldom used by Klimt for subjects other than landscape).

The four villas – built for Carl Moll, Koloman Moser, Henneberg and another photographer, Friedrich Viktor Spitzer as an artists’ colony – signal the emergence around 1900 of Hoffmann’s independent and unmistakeable style, creating buildings where ‘the exterior is one with the interior’. The buildings had many features in common such as brick wall construction, white roughcast facing and views over the Vienna Woods. Their interiors while more diverse and suited in each case to the requirements of the client, reveal an overall preference for simple rectilinear shapes and occasional black and white schemes as in the guest room of the Moser villa presented here.

It is to Carl Moll that we owe our most vivid notion of domestic life there. The painted record of Moll’s own villa reveals Hoffmann’s striking use of colour, the careful muting and distribution of light, as well as the extension of living space onto terraces and into gardens.

  • Ab 1882 studiert er Mathematik, Astronomie, Chemie und Physik und promoviert 1887 in Jena in Physik.
  • 1888 – 1890 Reisen nach Amerika, Griechenland und Ägypten.
  • 1894 Der “Linked Ring”, Englands elitärer Photographenverein, wählt Hugo Henneberg zum Mitglied.
  • 1897 Zusammenschluß mit Heinrich Kühn und Hans Watzek zum “Kleeblatt”.
  • 1899 Reise mit Carl Moll, Gustav Klimt und Schindlers nach Italien.
  • 1902 Bezug der “Villa Henneberg”.
  • 1902 – 1905 Ausstellungen in der Secession, im Hagenbund und in der Galerie Miethke
  • 1903 Mitarbeit an “Ver Sacrum”
  • 1905 ist überliefert, daß er mit Carl Moll “landschaftert“.
  • 1910 Reisen in die Wachau – Wachaublätter.

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