- Also: Musikverlag C. F. Peters, Peters Verlag, Edition Peters, C.F. Peters.
- Music publishers.
- Carl Friedrich Peters (1779-1827)
- Profession: Publisher.
- Relation to Mahler: Musikverlag Peters
- Correspondence with Mahler:
- Born: 1779 Leipzig, Germany
- Died: 1827 Sonnenstein, Germany
- Buried: 00-00-0000
The publisher Kahnt music publishers has been part of the Musikverlag C. F. Peters since 1989.
Owner: Henri Hinrichsen (1868-1942).
Leipzig, Frankfurt am Main, London, New York.
Edition Peters is a classical music publisher founded in Leipzig, Germany, in 1800. The Edition Peters Group was formed in August 2010 and consists of Peters UK, Peters Germany, and Peters USA.
The company came into being on 1 December 1800 when the Viennese composer Franz Anton Hoffmeister (1754–1812) and the local organist Ambrosius Kühnel (1770–1813) opened a concern in Leipzig known as the “Bureau de Musique.” Along with publishing, the new firm included an engraving and printing works and a retail shop for selling printed music and instruments. The first music published included chamber music works by Haydn and Mozart, plus a 14-volume collected edition of keyboard works by J. S. Bach, who had lived and worked in Leipzig from 1723 to 1750, but who was nearly forgotten by that time. When Hoffmeister departed for Vienna in 1805, the firm had already issued several works by the then new Viennese composer, Ludwig van Beethoven (Opp. 19-22; 39-42). Kühnel continued publishing new works, adding those of composers Daniel Gottlob Türk, Václav Tomášek, and Louis Spohr, all of whom went on to have a long relationship with the firm.
After Kühnel’s death, the enterprise was sold to Carl Friedrich Peters (1779–1827), a Leipzig bookseller. Despite difficuties arising from the aftermath of the War of the Sixth Coalition and depression, Peters added new works by Weber, Hummel, Klengel, and Ries to the catalog along with his name (now “Bureau de Musique C. F. Peters”) before his death. The next owner was a manufacturer, Carl Gotthelf Siegmund Böhme (1785–1855), who published many works of J. S. Bach after the revival of interest in his work with the assistance of Carl Czerny, Siegfried Dehn, Friedrich Conrad Griepenkerl and Moritz Hauptmann. Ownership of the company was transferred to a charity run by the City of Leipzig for a short period after Böhme’s death (1855–1860).
The company was then sold to a Berlin music and book retailer, Julius Friedländer, on 21 April 1860. By 1863, Friedländer took on a partner, Dr. Max Abraham (1831-1900). Abraham employed many of the improvements to music printing that were introduced by the Leipzig engraver Gottlieb Röder, and launched the “Edition Peters” inprint in 1867. This series competed with Breitkopf & Härtel’s similar Volksausgabe (“People’s edition”) series, launched at the same time. Two color schemes were used for the covers of this inexpensive series: a light green cover for works of earlier composers not affected by copyright restrictions; and pink covers for new, original works acquired by Peters or licensed from other publishers.
By 1880, the year Abraham took over the directorship, Peters had begun issuing new works by contemporary composers of the era. By 1900, new works from composers including Brahms, Bruch, Grieg, Köhler, Moszkowski, Reger, Sinding and Wagner were included in the catalog.
Abraham’s successor was his nephew, Henri Hinrichsen (1868-1942), who added works of Gustav Mahler (1860-1911), Hans Pfitzner (1869-1949), Reger, Arnold Schoenberg (1874-1951) and Hugo Wolf (1860-1903). The works of Richard Strauss that were originally issued by Joseph Aibl (later Universal Edition (UE) music publishers) were acquired by Hinrichsen for Peters in 1932. Hinrichsen’s sons Max (1901-1965), Walter (1907-1969), and Hans-Joachim (1909-1940) all entered the business in the 1930s.
Following the advent of the Nazi German government in Germany, Max Hinrichsen moved to London, where in 1938 he founded Hinrichsen Edition (renamed Edition Peters London in 1975), and his brother Walter moved to New York where he founded C. F. Peters Corp. in 1948. By 1940, the Nazi regime forced Henri and Hans-Joachim Hinrichsen to turn over the company to Johannes Petschull (1901–2001), who later established the Frankfurt company in 1950 in partnership with the Hinrichsen heirs Walter and Max Hinrichsen.
In spite of suffering a similar degree of damage as other Leipzig publishers from the Allied bombing of Germany during the war, the Leipzig facility was re-opened in 1947, and transferred to state ownership of the East German government by 1949. Its first director was Georg Hillner, who was succeeded by musicologist Bernd Pachnicke in 1969. During the communist era, Peters Leipzig issued contemporary works of composers including Paul Dessau, Hanns Eisler, and Christian Geisler along with those of Soviet composers including Khachaturian and Shostakovich in addition to a number of urtext editions of works by Beethoven, Chopin, Fauré, Mahler, Scriabin, Vivaldi and others. Following German reunification in 1989, the Leipzig concern was absorbed by the Frankfurt firm, who had acquired the catalogues of M.P. Belaieff in 1971, Schwann in 1974 and Kahnt music publishers in 1989.
The Peters Edition Ltd. (London), the C.F. Peters Corporation (New York), the C.F. Peters Musikverlag (Frankfurt/Main) and the Leipzig firms of the Edition Peters merged in August 2010 to form Edition Peters Group. In July 2014 the headquarters was moved from Frankfurt back to Leipzig.
Ger. mus. publisher who bought Kühnel and Hoffmeister’s business (est. 1800) in 1814 and pubd. first complete edns. of Bach and Haydn. On his death business was continued by others, notably, after 1863, by Max Abraham (1831–1900) who developed the ‘Peters Edition’ of inexpensive classic scores and est. the Peters Library, opening it to the public in 1894.
He enriched the firm’s catalogue with works by Brahms, Grieg, Bruch, and Wagner. His nephew, Henri Hinrichsen (1868-1942), assumed control on Abraham’s death, expanded the catalogue with works by Wolf, Mahler, Reger, Pfitzner, and Richard Strauss (1864-1949) (7 of his tone?poems), and was joined in partnership by his three sons in 1931 and 1933.
One of these, Max (1901-1965), settled in London 1937 where he est. Hinrichsen Edition in 1938 (Peters Edn. from 1975). His brother Walter (1907-1969) settled in USA 1936 where he est. C. F. Peters Corp. 1948, publishing many important Amer. composers. The third son, Hans?Joachim (1909–40) died in the Perpignan concentration camp. Leipzig house passed into other hands 1939, but Peters Edition was restored to Hinrichsen family in 1948. Firm of Peters Edition became state?owned company in Leipzig, also the Peters Library. Hinrichsen interest divided into 3 equal partners in London, NY, and Frankfurt. Peters Frankfurt acquired Belyayev Edition in 1971.